Macron conducts shuttle diplomacy in Ukraine crisis

2022-05-03 0 By

French President Emmanuel Macron talks with His Ukrainian counterpart Volodymyr Zelensky in Kiev, Ukraine, February 8, 2017.On the same day, Macron flew to Berlin and met with German Chancellor Angela Scholz, who just returned from the United States.Macron held talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Thursday.Mr Macron’s shuttle diplomacy comes amid tensions between Russia and Ukraine and the threat of military conflict.After talks with Zelensky, Macron told a joint press conference that he had secured “double commitments” from both Ukraine and Russia to abide by the agreement and believed that “concrete and practical solutions” could be found to de-escalate the conflict.The French president meanwhile warned: “Do not underestimate the tensions we are experiencing. The crisis cannot be resolved by a few hours of talks.””France will unswervingly continue its mediation efforts in every possible way.”Mr Macron acknowledged that “Russia wants to put pressure on the international community” and paid tribute to Ukraine for showing “calm restraint” in the face of Russian military pressure.”We are talking about an order that came into being after The second World War, so it will take some time to see results,” Macron cautioned.He said it was possible to move forward with russia-Ukraine peace talks.Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky expressed warm gratitude to France, praising “Macron’s great contribution to maintaining peace.”Zelensky announced that he expects to hold the Normandy quartet talks with other countries on the peace issue in Eastern Ukraine as soon as possible.A new round of advisory meetings was held in Berlin on The 8th.Speaking to media on a flight from Moscow to Kiev earlier in the day, Mr Macron said the meeting with Mr Putin was aimed at “stopping the escalation of tensions and opening up a new situation…I think that goal has been achieved.He said he had received assurances from the Russian president that there would be “no deterioration or escalation” of the situation between Russia and Ukraine.”President Putin has promised me that he will work in this direction and that he is willing to preserve the security and territorial integrity of Ukraine.”Macron said.According to the Elysee Palace, Macron’s proposals include no new military operations between Russia and Ukraine, the opening of negotiations, especially on the deployment of Russian troops, consultations on a peaceful settlement of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and the launching of a strategic dialogue.Russian President Vladimir Putin said after the meeting that “some ideas” of the French president could “lay the foundation for common progress,” adding that they would be discussed after Macron’s visit to Kiev.”We will do everything we can to find a settlement that will satisfy all parties.”Mr Putin said neither he nor Mr Macron would like to see a war between Russia and NATO in which “no one wins”.Mr. Putin, however, made no mention of military forces deployed along the border with Ukraine.He also denied threatening Ukraine militarily and again criticized western countries for refusing to commit to ending NATO expansion and withdrawing military forces from Eastern Europe.Putin accused Ukraine of being solely responsible for the conflict and jokingly shouted at Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky at a news conference: “Whether you like it or not, my beauty, you have to bear it.”Mr Macron is the first Western head of state to meet Mr Putin since tensions between Russia and Ukraine escalated in December.Le monde, points out that marolon talks with vladimir putin, and Ukraine’s President jersey even there is not much of room to maneuver: Ukrainian foreign minister library lai ba (Dmytro Kuleba) 7, emphasized the “three line” inviolable: Ukrainian territorial integrity cannot be discussed, not directly with separatist negotiations, Ukraine’s foreign policy is not interfere.Chancellor Scholz will meet Zelensky in Kiev before meeting Putin in Moscow on Feb. 15.On July 7, US President Joe Biden met with Scholz in Washington and reiterated that the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project jointly built by Russian and German companies will not be activated if Russian troops invade Ukraine.According to American intelligence agencies, Russia has 70 percent of its forces ready for a major assault on Ukraine;Ukraine, for its part, is planning major military exercises from February 10 to 20, the same time Russia and Belarus are holding joint drills.The drills are expected to involve combat drones bought from Turkey, as well as anti-tank missiles supplied by Washington and London.”I don’t see how we can further President Putin’s objectives by threatening Ukraine,” Prime Minister Boris Johnson told The Times. “We cannot encourage diplomacy based on force, and steps by Russia to de-escalate tensions are a necessary condition for dialogue to bear fruit.”While Mr Macron’s outreach to Mr Putin has been criticised by opposition parties as “ineffective and naive”, it has not been pointless.The French daily Le Monde reported that Macron was almost the only leader of a European Union country who was able to have a candid dialogue with Russia, referring to Putin as “you” during the meeting on Friday.”It [the Ukraine crisis] was certainly not planned, but it would allow Macron to show his leadership again.He can be the one who opens the de-escalation situation.””This crisis just shows that Macron finishes what he starts: the presidency until the last moment,” said Clement Beaune, France’s secretary of state for European affairs.Le Monde noted that since Merkel’s departure, Macron has to some extent become the eu’s only powerful voice, capable of mediating between Putin and the “warmongering” Americans.Mr Macron’s diplomatic activism is not just a response to criticism that the EU is a geopolitical pygmy, but also a further demonstration of his importance on the international political stage.(Editing: Xia Yu)