Hainan is a big province of cultural heritage!Shan Jixiang, president of the Palace Museum, made a call for Hainan’s cultural resources

2022-04-28 0 By

“Hainan has unique cultural landscape and cultural heritage resources, is a large province of cultural heritage!”On February 8, Shan Jixiang, former director of the Palace Museum and director of the Palace Institute, gave an interview to xinhainan.com. He was the first to say that Hainan is a big province of cultural heritage, and he was very familiar with hainan’s cultural resources.Shan jixiang said that Haikou Qiilou Old Street was among the first batch of famous historical and cultural streets in China. There are also the charming Volcanic village, the danzhou Salt Field with a long history, The Tomb of Hai Rui, the Five Gong Shrines, the Red Detachment of Women, and other intangible cultural treasures such as Li Brocade and boat houses in Hainan.Shan Jixiang accepted the new coast client reporter interview.Reporter Li Hao photo Shan Jixiang more than once said that “Hainan is a big province of cultural heritage”.As early as 2010, Shan gave high recognition to Hainan’s cultural heritage.Shan jixiang said that hainan’s cultural heritage development, from the emphasis on single cultural elements to the direction of “cultural landscape” protection, from the importance of “static heritage” protection to the combination of dynamic and static development, not only the protection of ancient cultural relics, but also modern cultural heritage, historical records and folk cultural heritage.Arcade street.Photo by He Lifan overlooking the crater of Haikou.Shan Jixiang, a reporter from Hainan Daily, said in an interview that Compared with other provinces with rich cultural heritage, such as Shaanxi and Henan, Hainan has obvious shortcomings in cultural heritage.However, with today’s more comprehensive understanding of cultural heritage, Hainan’s advantages in cultural heritage resources have gradually become prominent.”Let the cultural relics collected in museums, the heritage displayed on the vast land, and the words written in ancient books come alive.”With his practical actions, Shan jixiang gave new life to the ancient Palace Museum and cultural relics and brought them into people’s eyes again.He believes that cultural heritage should truly return to life and show its charm in life. “Only cultural heritage that is protected can be dignified.”Hainan Tourism and Culture Hall has built a platform to display intangible cultural heritage and revitalize traditional culture.In recent years, Hainan has continuously accelerated the protection and inheritance of culture, and actively carried out a series of cultural and intangible cultural heritage activities, so that culture into thousands of families, deeply rooted in the people.The development of “East, West, North and South Square Art Performance”, “group art stage”, “Hainan original Square Dance Competition”, “Hainan Brocade and embroidery World Culture Week”, “Hainan Longquilt Art Exhibition” and other events have made culture bloom all over the province, and the INTANGIBLE cultural heritage “fire” and “live”.Qiong Opera, Danzhou folk opera, doll opera, Li bamboo and wood music, Li paper cutting, Li pottery, Hainan coconut carving…Hainan’s INTANGIBLE cultural heritages include folk literature, traditional music, traditional dance, traditional drama, traditional sports, recreational arts and acrobatics, traditional fine arts, traditional skills, traditional medicine and so on.Li people drill wood for fire.At present, the province has 32 state-level intangible cultural heritage projects, 82 provincial-level intangible cultural heritage projects and more than 300 municipal and county-level intangible cultural heritage projects.Among them, the traditional spinning, dyeing, weaving and embroidery skills of the Li nationality were listed in the first batch of “Intangible Cultural Heritage in Urgent Need of Protection” by UNESCO in 2009.It is reported that this year, Hainan will continue to carry out cultural and natural Heritage Day related activities and “Brocade and Embroidery World Culture Week”, and go to Shandong Intangible cultural Heritage Expo, Sichuan intangible cultural Heritage shopping festival for exhibition promotion, continue to build an operation platform to promote Hainan intangible cultural heritage.With continuous cultural development, Hainan is making every effort to activate its cultural charm and gather spiritual strength for the construction of the FREE trade port to preserve its cultural roots.Qiongju qiongju is a local folk opera art in Hainan. It takes Hainan dialect as the opera language, and shows life art incisively and vividly in the form of pleasing to the ear.Qiong Opera is very popular in Hainan, and performances can be seen in both urban and rural areas.A still from the 2021 revival of “Poems inscribed on Red Leaves”.In 2008, Qiong Opera was approved by The State Council to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural Heritage list.As a tourism and cultural resource in Hainan, qiongju has become increasingly marketable due to its unique stage design, performance style and dialect singing.Danzhou Folk songs are folk songs with a unique regional style that are popular only in Danzhou, Hainan Province. They are mainly composed of folk customs and natural scenery. Their plays have bright rhythms, beautiful melodies and simple dances.Diaosheng is mainly sung during the slack season of farming or during festivals, when young men and women gather in the mountains and fields for singing competitions, especially in the Mid-Autumn Diaosheng Festival on August 15 every year, with thousands of participants.The villagers sang the tune of Danzhou to welcome the visitors.The primitive pottery making skill of the Li nationality has a long history, which can be traced back to the Neolithic Age in China.Litao is made of clay and fired at low temperature (800℃).The original pottery making skills have been lost in most areas of Our country, but they are still preserved in Changjiang, where li nationality lives.From daily cooking and wine filling to birth and death, pottery was once a necessity in the life of the Li people.As a non-hereditary inheritor of Li Pottery, Yang Bailiang learned to make pottery from his mother at the age of 11. He cast thousands of POTS in mud and fire, leading the blood of li Pottery, a thousand-year-old skill.Now, her daughter Huang Yuying has taken over the pottery making process and become the second generation inheritor of Li Pottery intangible Cultural Heritage, inheriting the original pottery making technique of clay as raw material and clay plate building.Puppet play Hainan puppet play, also known as puppet play, puppet play or hand holding wood play, is one of the traditional opera performing arts with local characteristics in Hainan.From the Yuan Dynasty, Hainan gongzai opera has a history of four to five hundred years. Since it originated earlier than Qiongju opera, some Qiongju artists call gongzai opera artists “senior brothers”.Hainan doll opera was included in the second batch of national key protection list.Different from puppet shows in other regions, puppet shows have evolved into songs based on Hainan dialect, folk songs, folk Musical Instruments and folk music, which are integrated into hainan’s local conditions and customs. Most of the scripts of puppet shows are historical stories or local folk stories.There are various roles in the puppet drama, such as Wensheng, Wusheng, Wendan, Wudan, miscellaneous, and other officials. Each role has its own appearance, and various stories are interpreted according to the script.The traditional bamboo and wood instrumental music of the Li people includes Musical Instruments and music. The commonly used Musical Instruments are eight kinds: nasal xiao, mouth bow, 唎, zhuoba (cave spoon), 㗑, bi da, ding dong and Dudu drum.The music is rich and colorful, which contains the characteristics of original ecological music. The structure of the music is flexible and free, the melody is smooth and pleasant, and the tone is simple and pure. It integrates traditional culture, aesthetic consciousness, folk customs and other elements, and is welcomed by the Li people.In 2008, li’s traditional bamboo and wood instrumental music was listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage protection list.Baoting Binglang Valley, intangible cultural heritage li traditional bamboo and wood musical instrument performance.Records of Hainan coconut carvings have appeared since the Tang Dynasty. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, coconut carvings were presented to the imperial court as treasures, winning the reputation of “tribute to the South of Heaven”.Since the middle of the 20th century, coconut carving has been improved on the basis of inheriting the tradition.Coconut carvings (Hainan coconut carvings) generally go through design, material selection, material opening, carving, building (copper or tin, etc.), inlaying, modification or polishing, painting or gold, decoration (matching) and other processes.Its value is mainly determined by its production process, the more complex the production process, the higher the value, such as the use of relief, round carving and other complex technology coconut carving collection value is higher.Hainan coconut carving incense burner that won the national silver award.On June 7, 2008, coconut carvings (Hainan coconut carvings) were approved by The State Council of the People’s Republic of China to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural Heritage list.Source: Comprehensive Hainan Daily, Xinhainan client